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28th July, 2017, Uruguay.
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Los 10 clubes de rugby más antiguos del mundo

England 01 1843 Guy’s Hospital
Ireland 02 1854 Dublin University F.C.
England 03 1857 Liverpool
Scotland 04 1858 Edimburgh Academicals
Scotland 05 1858 Merchiston Castle
Scotland 06 1858 St. Andrew’s University
England 07 1858 Blackheath Preparatory School Old Boys
Uruguay 08 1861 Montevideo Cricket Club
England 09 1861 Richmond F.C
England 10 1861 Sale

Con especial agradecimiento al Sr. Ross Hamilton, del Museo de Rugby en Twickenham, Inglaterra, por su ayuda en la recopilación de la lista de los primeros diez clubes de rugby más antiguos del mundo.

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MVCC in History

Montevideo Cricket Club in History

1823. William Webb Ellis picks the ball with his hands in a football game at the Rugby College in England. The foundation of rugby-football as a game had been laid

1830. The First Constitution of Uruguay is sworn.

1839. Albert Pell, former pupil of the Rugby School, introduces that game at the University of Cambridge.

1842. The Victoria Cricket Club is founded in Uruguay, having been the direct predecessor of the Montevideo Cricket Club

1843. The first rugby-football club in England is founded and officially registered. It´s the Guy´s Hospital.

1845. Rugby rules. Goal posts take the shape of an H and points are scored when the ball is driven through its upper part.

1850. Death of don José Gervasio Artigas, uruguayan national hero.

1851. With the bladder of a hog William Gilbert creates a rugby-football ball with an oval shape.

1854. The first Irish club is founded. It´s the Dublin University Football Club.

1857. A second club in England is founded. It´s the Liverpool later on becoming Liverpool – St. Helens.
- Banco Comercial is founded in Uruguay.

1858. The first three scotish clubs are founded in this order: Edimburgh Academicals, Merchiston Castle and St. Andrews University. The first and second named play the first of matches between schools.
The third club in England is founded. It´s Blackhealth Preparatory School Old Boys.

1861. The Montevideo Cricket Club is founded in Uruguay. The premises took the name of the district La Blanqueada and was generally defined as "The English Ground". As most of the English clubs in those days it was founded for the practice of Cricket but shortly after their members started practicing football and rugby-football and started playing matches against sailors of British merchant and war navies.
- The Richmond F.C. and Sale are founded in England.
- Pedro Figari, outstanding uruguayan public servant and artist is born.

1862. Blackheath is founded in England and establishes its own game rules, including the prohibition of strangling opponents in scrums.
- The Montevideo Cricket Club imports sporting gear from England.

1863. The Football Association is founded in England and establishes own rules for the game. English clubs establish and standarize the rules for the game of rugby.
- The first club in Australia is founded: The Sidney University RFC.
- Field limits are set for the game of football.
- Bank of London opens a branch in Uruguay.

1864. The Buenos Aires Cricket Club is founded on 8th. December.

1868. The first international cricket match is played in Uruguay between the Montevideo Cricket Club and the Buenos Aires Cricket Club. It is the oldest international match registered in South America and was played in the grounds of the former.

1869. The first international cricket match in Argentine is played between those same clubs, on the ground of the Buenos Aires Cricket Club, a very tight relationship that endured throughout a large number of years, by no other sporting activity or entity.
- The Oxford University RFC is founded in England.
- Mahatma Gandhi is born.

1870. The first club is founded in New Zealand: Nelson RFC.
- The first club is founded in Wales: Neath.
- The practice of athletic sports starts in Uruguay at the Montevideo Cricket Club.

1871. The first international rugby match between England and Scotland is played with twenty players per team.
- The Rugby Football Union is founded in England.
- Jose Enrique Rodo, famous uruguayan writer and author is born.

1872. William Web Ellis dies in France.
- The first club is founded in France: Le Havre.
- The Cambridge University Rugby Union Club is founded in England.
- The first rugby match is played between Oxford and Cambridge Universities which, until now, still fills up Twickenham on every second tuesday in December.
- Pupils of English schools in Uruguay start their first practices of football and rugby with members of the Montevideo Cricket Club and sailors of merchant and war ships of the United Kingdom arriving regulary in Montevideo.

1873. The Scottish Rugby Union is founded.

1874. Rugby rules: captains are the only referees. The winner is first determined by conversions and later also by tries.
- Club de Tiro Suizo is founded in Uruguay on 19th. April followed by the Montevideo Rowing Club on 8th. May.

1875. The first club in South Africa is founded: Hamilton Football Club.
- The first international rugby match is played in Uruguay between Buenos Aires Cricket Club and Montevideo Cricket Club on the grounds of the latter.
- Uruguayan poet Julio Herrera y Reissig is born.

1876. Rugby rules: The number of team players is reduced from twenty to fifteen. Tries are recognized as a way to adding points.

1878. The first organized football match is played in Uruguay between Montevideo Cricket Club and the crew of a English ship.
- The first rugby match with artificial light is played in England.
- The first Athletics Games in Uruguay are played on the grounds of the Montevideo Cricket Club.
- Football rules: Referees are allowed to use a whistle.
- Uruguayan tale writer and novelist Horacio Quiroga is born.

1879. The Irish Rugby Football Union is founded.
- Albert Einstein is born.

1880. The Welsh Rugby Union is founded
- First written press article published in Uruguay on a sporting event that covered a rugby match played at La Blanqueada, the “English ground” of the Montevideo Cricket Club.

1881. The first interclubs football match is played in Uruguay on the ground of Montevideo Cricket Club, between the teams of this Club and of the Montevideo Rowing Club.
- Pablo Picasso is born.

1882. American Football steps in and is played with modified rugby rules.
- Football rules: A wooden transom on the goal posts becomes obligatory as well as side outballs to be served with the hands.
- Charles Darwin dies.

1883. The local butcher in the scottish town of Melrose, by the name of Ned Haig, sets the rules for the seven-a-side game of rugby.
- Rugby rules: The use of whistles by referees is proposed.

1886. The International Football Rugby Board (IRFB) is established for the monitoring and control of Rugby arround the world.
- Rugby rules: A referee and two touch linesmen are the only ones to govern all rugby matches without any assistance by the teams captains.

1888. The New Zealand Maories complete the longest rugby tour ever. They played one hundred and seven matches in an eighteen months tour.
- The Lawn Tennis Association is founded in England and the Montevideo Cricket Club introduces lawn tennis and velocipedism (cycling today) in Uruguay and are practiced in it grounds.

1889. The South African Rugby Board is founded.
- The Montevideo Cricket Club has to move from its original premises because the Military Hospital is to be built on the site. It moves a few blocks away on the same district and is also known as “La Blanqueada” and as the “New Ground”. The new site was purchased with a private shares issue placed amongst its members.
- The first international football match between teams of Buenos Aires (Argentina) and Montevideo (Uruguay) is played on the grounds of the Montevideo Cricket Club. The former was represented by playing members of the Montevideo Cricket Club and the Montevideo Rowing Club. Henry Stanley Bowles, an outstanding sportman of the Montevideo Cricket Club scores the first “uruguayan” goal in an international match.
- Charles Chaplin is born.

1890. Football rules: The penalty area is established and is the only area where penalty kicks can be shot.
- Vincent Van Gogh is born.

1891. Rugby rules: The in goal area is introduced after a player from Bristol scores a try after running three hundred meters.
- The Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club (C.U.R.C.C.) is founded in Uruguay and the Football Association Club – founded one year earlier changes its name to Albion Football Club.

1892. The New Zealand Rugby Football Union is founded.
- The final game of the first French rugby championship is played and is refereed by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, who later on was responsible for the reintroduction of the Olympic games.

1893. Northern England clubs decide to segregate from the R.F.U and found the Northern Union, predecessor of the Rugby League.

1894. Rugby rules: Tries now count for three points. They were valued at two points since 1891.
- Members of the Montevideo Cricket Club and other English residents in Uruguay introduce the Golf game in Uruguay.

1895. Uruguayan poetess Juana de Ibarbourou is born.

1896. As a result of the donation of a house to the Arthur Gould center, the Welsh Union is accused of professionalism and all international games against them are banned.

1898. Carlos E. Cat (“Charlie”) prominent sportman and member of the Montevideo Cricket Club is born. “Charlie” was President of the Club, precursor and promotor of the game of Rugby in Uruguay and became the first President of the Uruguayan Rugby Union.

1899. The River Plate Rugby Championship is established, being the predecessor of the Argentinian Rugby Union.

1900. Rugby becames an olympic sport in Paris.

1901. Walter (Walt) Disney is born.

1905. The New Zealand national team tours in the British Isles and become known as the All Blacks.

1906. The South African national team tours in the British Isles and makes itself known as the Sprinbokken (Sprinboks today).
- The Rugby League reduces the number of team players from fifteen to thirteen.

1908. The Australian national team tours the British Isles and adopt the name of Wallabies instead of Wolves.

1910. The first international rugby game is played at Twickenham.
- With the incorporation of France the first Five Nations tournament is played.

1914/ 1918. No activity because of the First World War. One hundred and eleven international players lose their lives.

1923. Rugby celebrates its first century of existence.

1924. The Uruguayan national association football team wins the championship in the Olympic Games.

1925. The Murrayfield stadium is inaugurated in Edimburgh.

1926. Australia, South Africa and New Zealand are admitted by the I.R.F.B.

1928. The Uruguayan national association football team wins the championship in the Olympic Games for the second time.

1930. The Uruguayan national association football team wins the first World Championship.

1931. France is expelled from the Five Nations championship on suspicios that its players receive benefits for playing.

1939/1945. No activity because of the second World War.
- On leaving the Montevideo harbour and surprising all the spectators gathered in the event, the German battleship Graf Spee is autodestroyed to avoid being captured by a few and smaller British warships.
- Sigmund Freud dies.

1945. The Montevideo Cricket Club moves for the second time to new premises near the town of Sayago.
- The first Argentine Provincial championship is played with the participation of the Montevideo Cricket Club as a guest team.

1946. Carlos E. Cat (“Charlie”) is appointed President of the Montevideo Cricket Club.

1947. International Rugby restart activities and France is allowed to return to the Five Nations tournament.
- Rugby rules: Drop kicks reduce its scroring value from four to three points.

1948. The Australian Rugby Union is founded.

1950. The first interclubs rugby game is played in Uruguay between the Montevideo Cricket Club and the Carrasco Polo Club.

1951. The Uruguayan Rugby Union is founded. Outstanding members of the Montevideo Cricket Club become members of the first Committee: Carlos E. Cat (“Charlie”) as President, Henry Stanley Bowles (son of the member that had scored the first association football goal for Uruguay ) as Vice-President and Domingo “Mingo” Tricanico as member together with James Yorston, J.J. Nery, D.G. Mac Cormack and R. Sedgfield, members of the Montevideo Cricket Club.
- The first uruguayan rugby championship is played and is won by the Montevideo Cricket Club team, becoming the first uruguayan rugby champion.

1955. The Montevideo Cricket Club moves for the third time to new premises in Carrasco, Montevideo.

1958. The first South American rugby championship is played in Chile

1959. The Scottish Rugby Union installs heating in their Murrayfield stadium with the first most important sponsorship, allowing rugby activities during winter.
- The tomb of William Webb Ellis is found in southern France.

1961. The Montevideo Cricket Club celebrates its first one hundred years of uninterrupted existence.

1965. The Argentinian Pumas step in on a South African tour.

1967. New Zealand cancels a South African tour due to the apartheid which banned non-white players thus prescribing Maoris to play in their team.

1969. Man lands on the moon.

1971. Hugo Porta plays his first international match with the Pumas in the South American championship played in Uruguay.

1972. The Miracle of the Andes. Sixteen young uruguayan rugby players of the Old Christians Club are rescued after an ordeal of seventy three days since their plane crash and eight days after rescue works had been cancelled.

1974. The swimming and diving teams of the Montevideo Cricket Club win the summer championship held a open pools.

1975. Those teams win again for the second consecutive year.

1976. A South African tour by the All Blacks, disregarding the ban on all sports to play international games in South Africa, provokes a boicott by African countries on the Olympic games.

1980. Eluding the international ban the Argentinian Pumas change their name to Jaguars and play against the Spingboks in South Africa.

1981. The Uruguayan National Rugby team win the South American Rugby championship with the absence of Argentina.

1983. The association football team of the Montevideo Cricket Club hosts the team of Club Universitario de Buenos Aires (C.U.B.A.) an exchange that was since continued every year.
- The final game of the South American Rugby championship, held in Buenos Aires between the national team of Argentina and Uruguay is ended by the referee before time completion because of continued acts of violence.

1984/ 1987. The association football team of the Montevideo Cricket Club climbs from the fifth to the first Division of the Liga Universitaria de Deportes (main amateur sports league in Uruguay) by winning consecutive championships in each division qualifying to play in each Champions League. This record remain unbeaten.

1985. Uruguay returns to democracy after twelve years of military dictatorship.

1987. The first rugby World Cup is won by the All Blacks.

1987/ 1989. The ladies hockey team of the Montevideo Cricket Club wins the local hockey championships.

1988. Lady members of the Montevideo Cricket Club are allowed to vote in the General Meeting as a result of the approval of new statutes.

1990/ 1992. The ladies and junior ladies hockey teams of the Montevideo Cricket Club win the respective local hockey championships.

1991. The second rugby World Cup is won by The Wallabies.

1992. Apartheid ends in South Africa and Springboks return to international activities.
- Rugby rules: tries are now valued at five points.

1993. The first rugby seven-a-side championship is held in Scotland and is won by England.

1993/ 1997. The ladies hockey team of the Montevideo Cricket Club wins the local hockey championship, completing eleven consecutive local championships won, a record that has been acknowledged though not registered by Guiness Book of Records.

1995. The third rugby World Cup is won by Springboks.
- The I.R.F.B. rules that rugby is open to both amateurs and professionals without distinction.

1996. The Montevideo Cricket moves for the fourth time to new premises in Solymar in the outskirts of Montevideo.
- The first Tri Nations is played and is won by the All Blacks.

1998. Uruguay National Rugby Team classifies for the first time for the rugby World Cup.
- Pablo Lemoine, outstanding rugbier of the Montevideo Cricket Club, is engaged by the Bristol rugby club in England thus becoming the first uruguayan rugby prosessional player.

1999. The fourth rugby World Cup is played and won by the Wallabies. Uruguay national rugby team´s performance is very encouraging.

2000. Pablo Lemoine is engaged by Stade Francaise.
- The Montevideo Cricket Club successfully organizes the first Oldies but Goldies championship for veterans players on its premises.
-The Men´s hockey team of the Montevideo Cricket Club wins the local national hockey championship.

2001.The Men´s hockey team of the Montevideo Cricket Club wins the local championship for the second consecutive year.
- The Montevideo Cricket Club again organizes successfully the Oldies but Goldies championship in its premises. Several former players of the Montevideo Cricket Club residing in Argentina, Brazil and U.S.A., travel to Uruguay for the event which also coincided with the celebration of one hundred and forty years of uninterrupted existence of the Club.

2002. Uruguay National Rugby team classifies again for the World Cup.
- The Montevideo Cricket Club again organizes the Oldies but Goldies championship which has become a classic. Giovanni Lopez, former rugbier of the Montevideo Cricket Club and resident in the U.S.A. arrives on friday, plays on saturday and returns on sunday.
MVCC is distinguished with an acknowledgement from the National Senate and the Ministry of Culture an Sports.

In 2005 a thourough study of the oldest clubs in Latin America finds the MCC to be the oldest club of all, this based on ample documentation.
In 2006 the MVCC celebrates its 145th  uninterrupted anniversary and is awarded the honour of entering the official pages of the Museum of Rugby Twickenham in England,  thus being recognized as the "eighth oldest rugby club in the world" still in activity and as the "dean of world- wide rugby overseas, except for Wales" since Wales' first club was founded  later than the MVCC.

In 2011 the MVCC celebrates its 150 anniversary and is once more recognized world-widely, this time including an interview with Total Rugby, the International Rugby Board  official programme, which is emited exclusively through ESPN throughout the world.

1- THE MONTEVIDEO CRICKET CLUB IS THE OLDEST URUGUAYAN CLUB.

2- THE MONTEVIDEO CRICKET CLUB IS THE OLDEST OF CLUBS IN SOUTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA.

3- THE MONTEVIDEO CRICKET CLUB IS THE OLDEST RUGBY CLUB IN ALL CONTINENTS EXCEPT EUROPE.

4- THE MONTEVIDEO CRICKET CLUB IS THE EIGHTH OLDEST RUGBY CLUB IN THE WORLD.

5- THE MONTEVIDEO CRICKET CLUB PLACES URUGUAY AS FOURTH IN THE RANKING OF COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD WITH THE OLDEST RUGBY CLUBS.

6-THE MONTEVIDEO CRICKET CLUB PLACES THE AMERICA CONTINENT AS SECOND IN THE RANKING OF CONTINENTS WITH THE OLDEST RUGBY CLUBS.

7- THE MONTEVIDEO CRICKET CLUB IS THE MAIN FOUNDATION OF THE SPORTING ACTIVITIES IN URUGUAY, HAVING BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR THE REINTRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF CRICKET AND FOR THE INTRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF RUGBY, FOOTBALL, ATHLETICS, CYCLING, TENNIS AND HOCKEY.

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Montevideo Cricket Club

Ruta Interbalnearia Km. 23.500

15505 Solymar - Canelones, Uruguay

Tel Fax (598-2) 696 4766

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